Everything You Need to Know About the 2017 General Election in Rights

Find out everything you need to know about the 2017 General Election in this simple guide.

A General Election is the process by which MPs (Members of Parliament) are elected to represent the people of the United Kingdom in the House of Commons (HoC). In total there are 650 MPs.

On polling day (the day of the election) all registered voters can go to their local polling station and vote for the candidate of their choice. The UK is split into constituencies and the number of MPs in each constituent country of the UK is:

  • 533 in England,
  • 59 in Scotland,
  • 40 in Wales, and
  • 18 in Northern Ireland.

A constituency is the area that the MP who is elected will represent. You can find out which constituency you are in by checking the UK Parliament website.

altText

The voting system used in UK General Elections is known as First Past The Post (FPTP) which means that the person with the most votes in each constituency wins. The party that wins the most constituencies will usually end up becoming the government.

The leader of the political party with the most elected MPs is then asked by the Queen to become Prime Minister and form a government to run the country. The leader of the political party with the second highest number of MPs normally becomes what is known as 'leader of the opposition'.

Voters choose who they would like to be their MP by marking the box adjacent to their name and political party on their ballot paper, with a tick or a cross.

altText

To vote in the General Election you must:

  • be registered to vote
  • be 18 or over on the day of the election (‘polling day’)
  • be a British, Irish or qualifying Commonwealth citizen
  • be resident at an address in the UK (or a British citizen living abroad who has been registered to vote in the UK in the last 15 years)
  • not be legally excluded from voting

Registration to vote in the election will close on the 22nd May 2017 at 11:59pm and you'll only be able to vote if you registered by that date.

You can register if you are 17 - but you will have to have turned 18 before 8th June 2017 to actually be eligible to vote.

Visit Gov.UK to register to vote - it only takes a few minutes! If you're not sure if you're already registered it doesn't do any harm to fill out the form again - you can check if you are via your local authority. Visit the Your Vote Matters website for more information.

If you've changed address or any personal information you will also have to re-register.

altText

You can vote on polling day, on the 8th of June 2017 between 7am and 10pm. Your polling card, which will be posted to you before the election, will let you know where your local polling station is - however, don't worry if you lose or misplace the card as you don't need it to actually vote!

If you think that you won’t be able to make it to the polling station on the day of the election you can apply for a postal vote or for a proxy vote (having someone you trust vote on your behalf). If this is the case, you will need to let your electoral registration office know about this in advance of the election and registration deadline.

For more information on ways you can vote to make it count, visit our information pages.

To register to vote visit the Gov.UK website.

altText

The MPs who are elected during the election will represent you and everyone else in the UK in the House of Commons at Westminster, making decisions which can affect all of our lives.

Things that are affected by what goes on in the House of Commons include:

  • Defence
  • Economy
  • Foreign Policy
  • Housing
  • Making Laws

If you aren’t sure about who you should vote for then be sure to research the manifestos and policies of political parties and candidates before the election so that you can make an informed decision about which candidate or party best suits you.

altText

Information on the candidates for your constituency is available from your local council.

For details on your local council, visit COSLA's website and if you're still feeling confused, take a look at our article on what all the political jargon means.