What is Ramadan? in Identity
Ramadan is a time for Muslims across the world to pray, spend time with family and friends, do good deeds and explore spiritual reflection.
Ramadan is the period during the year in which Muslims do not eat anything while it is daylight and this fasting is regarded as one of the five 'pillars', or duties, of Islam. This year the fasting period lasts from June 6th to July 7th.
What do people do during Ramadan?
Muslims not only abstain from food and drink but also take time to pray to Allah, contemplate life and also make time to do charitable things or good deeds for others.
Muslims are required to take part in Ramadan according to their faith, with the exception of the sick, the elderly, pregnant women and travellers, and young Muslims typically begin fasting for the first time at ten to 12-years-old.
This summer, Muslims in Scotland and other parts of the UK are taking part in the "longest" Ramadan in over 30 years, as the month coincides with the summer solstice, which means the days are longer, at up to 16 to 19 hours of sunlight, depending on where you live.
The festival to celebrate the end of Ramadan is called Eid al-Fitr.
Once the fasting is broken, Muslims around the world celebrate in style with special meals, where families and friends get together and children are often given presents and new clothes. Many Muslims also go to the mosque to pray.